Shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)

Diagram of ESWL

Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy uses focused sound waves to breakup your stones from outside your body. The advantage of this treatment approach is that instruments may not need to be introduced into your body (unless your stone is large, in which case a stent is usually placed at the time of surgery).

ESWL may be associated with less discomfort than other treatment options such as ureteroscopy or percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. However, ESWL does not usually have as high of a success rate as these other surgical treatment options and is more likely to require re-treatments. For more information on comparing the surgical options for kidney stones, see our comparison chart.

ESWL is easier to perform for stones that are visible on plain x-rays because this type of x-ray is used to target the stones during treatment. For stones that are not visible on plain x-ray, such as uric acid stones, special techniques can be used to allow ESWL to still be used. Stones that are less dense (which can be measured from CT scans) tend to respond better to ESWL than stones that are more dense.

ESWL can be used to treat both stones in the kidney and stones in the ureter. ESWL may not be as effective in patients who are obese because the increased body tissue can make it more difficult to visualize or treat stones.

Fast facts about ESWL:

  • Typical operative time: 1/2 hour
  • Usual hospital stay: No hospital stay, ESWL is outpatient surgery.
  • Average number of days before going back to work: 3.3 days
  • Average number of days before feeling back to normal: 8.1 days

Data regarding return to work and recovery from a study by Pearle and colleagues, Journal of Urology, 2005.

Photo of ESWL table

Photo of a Dornier ESWL table. Treatment head is positioned in the cutout on the right  side of table. The patient’s back would be in contact with the treatment head during a procedure.

Photo of ESWL treatment head closeup

Closeup view of  ESWL machine treatment head.

Xray of ESWL

X-ray image from shockwave lithotripsy procedure prior to initiation of shocks. Large round dark structure on the right of the image is the fluid filled treatment head placed against the patient’s skin to allow transmission of the shockwaves. The surgeon uses the aiming crosshairs to target the shockwaves at the stone to be treated. This patient had a previously placed ureteral stent which can be seen in the left side of the image.

Xray of ESWL after

X-ray image at the end of the same shockwave lithotripsy procedure showing the previously easily seen stones were well fragmented into multiple smaller pieces by the 2,500 shockwaves administered during the procedure.

157 Responses to Shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)

  1. Dattakumar says:

    Hi, im 29 years old and i have a stone of 10mm in my left kidney. How much it cost to take it out . My number 9177234858

  2. Roy Marshall says:

    I drink about 3 to 4 pots of coffee a day plus work in sun during day in Phoenix AZ and so I get a stone a year usually. Most pass, but today had a 10 mm one blasted.. Everything went well until I 8 hours later I noticed a huge red rash with blisters on my side where they had the X ray head against my skin. I was unaware that the x ray videograph would give enough radiation to cause what I can only think is an X ray burn. Supposedly max radiation should only be in the .8 to 1.2 milli seiverts which is like around a hundred REM or so which shouldn’t do anything. Anyone have any other similar incidents like this. It’s the middle of the night and can’t call the hospital until morning, but is causing some concern

    • M says:

      Are you sure it is because of X-Rays? The flouroscopy they use for localization is quite low radiation…Is it possible you have a rash from say Latex or the cover for the ESWL head where the shockwaves come from? I would check it out. Say taking some strong Anti-histamine…

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